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Abstract: The Qur’an has set on how to divide the inheritance, warits, and conditions as warits, and things that in detail discuss the inheritance. Ideally, the provisions that have been determined by the Qur’an should be carried out as a form of a Muslim’s slavery to its Lord’s teachings. However, due to the various factors covered, the provisions are not implemented, so the understanding of the existence of Islamic inheritance is as if only a sequence of rules without practice. Therefore, the authors do a study of the factors affecting the injustice of the inheritance of Islam in addition to the problem of the passage of the estate between men and women. Conclusion obtained that the inheritance of Islam law is not in the matter of the division of the inheritance between the sons and women so that there is a mismatch between the doctrine of Islamic inheritance law with the practice in society because Several factors, namely: 1) still the public with the existence of customary law used in the division of inheritance. 2) The existence of the assumption or understanding that the division of property in the inheritance law of Islam is unfair, with the concept of 2:1. 3) There is still too much that underestimate the urgency of Islamic inheritance to assume that the internal problems in terms of inheritance can be resolved through a family principle alone.
Keywords: Idealism, doctrine, customs, warits
Pendahuluan: Hukum kewarisan Islam merupakan bagian dari kontruksi ajaran Islam yang secara leterleg termuat didalam teks-teks ayat suci al-Qur’an. Al-Qur’an telah mengatur mengenai cara pembagian harta waris, ahli waris dan syarat-syarat sebagai ahli waris, wasiat dan hal-hal yang secara rinci membahas mengenai waris. Idealnya ketentuan yang telah ditentukan oleh al-Qur’an tersebut harus dilaksanakan sebagai bentuk penghambaan seorang muslim kepada ajaran Tuhannya. Akan tetapi karena berbagai faktor yang melingkupi, ketentuan tersebut tidak dilaksanakan, sehingga timbul pemahaman terhadap keberadaan hukumwaris Islam seakan hanya sebatas rentetan aturan tanpa ada praktiknya.Berdasarkan fakta tersebut maka perlu kita lakuakan kajian terhadap faktor yang mempengaruhi tidak dilaksanakannya hukum waris Islam terlebih lagi dalam masalah takaran bagian harta waris antara laki-laki dan perempuan. Dan nantinya didalam pembahasan akan diawali dengan pembahasan sejarahkewarisan, kewarisan Islam, asas kewarisan Islam kemudian pembagian waris dalam praktik serta persoalan yang melingkupinya……
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Computational thinking is a very necessary capability in the face of the rapid development of ICT and complex. Besides, the 4.0 industrial era also requires computerization in all areas. Nevertheless, there are still not many learning practices aimed at enhancing computational thinking skills for students. Even in Indonesia, the study of Computitatioan thinking is still very minimal. Using a library review, this article will discuss the computational thinking skills in problem-solving and examples of implementation in school learning.
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This research aims to determine the management of counseling services in MAN 4 Kediri including planning, organizing, implementing, and supervision. This method of research is a qualitative descriptive of phenomenology in the application of management guidance and counseling services. The results of the study showed the planning of counseling guidance program based on the results of student and environmental needs analysis, organizing officers conducted counseling guidance coordinator based on the agreement between teachers and Counseling. Implementation of activities refers to the unit of service activity: 1) Orientation service is the introduction of new students to the school order and the character of each teacher of study field; 2) Individual counseling services The teachers try to open counseling for the problematic students to devote their hearts to the counseling teachers; 3) Group counseling Services i.e. teacher Counseling Tutoring creates personal and group accounts on social media Facebook; 4) Mediation services in conducting problematic student mediation, counseling teachers collaborate with the class and parents to overcome a problematic student. Here teachers counseling guidance tries to mediate by calling the students and their parents to resolve the problem; 5) Supporting activities: a) home visits; b) instead of case. In addition to that also in the implementation of counseling guidance services There is equipment that supports the governance of counseling guidance. Like the case book for students who are stuck in problems such as smoking is discovered in the middle of the school, caught fouling and others. Outside school counseling teachers also conduct observations at the student’s home through visits and observations to obtain detailed student information.
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